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Selecting Wood for Outdoor Structures

you know certain woods are excellent for

building outdoor structures find out

which one's work best in this video

here's a selection of woods based on

cost availability and ease of use we all

know white pine are common wood it's

inexpensive and it's very easy to work

but as we mentioned before it doesn't

hold up well outdoors without a regular

coat of paint or varnish now I'm going

to show you some woods that hold up well

outdoors without the need of a coating

such as paint this is white oak not to

be confused with the red oak white oak

is easy to get and it's relatively

inexpensive it's a beautiful wood so I

recommend using a clear varnish to cover

it and protect the beauty two things to

keep in mind it's heavy and dense or

hard so you'll need sharp tools to work

white oak and being so dense your

furniture will be heavy here's a piece

of Redwood beautiful wood holds up great

outdoors redwood is moderately

inexpensive then it's pretty easy to

come by and you'll appreciate the fact

that it's a softwood so it's very easy

to work with and this is Cypress known

as white red or black Cypress each color

describing the color of its heartwood

like redwood it's a softwood so it's

relatively easy to work by hand and one

thing to keep in mind is that Cypress

has a tendency to split so make sure you

pre bore your holes for your fasteners

before driving them into the wood then

there's a family of cedars this is

yellow cedar there's also a white cedar

which works well outdoors yellow cedar

comes from the Northwest where by

tradition the Native Americans there

have used it to carve totem poles and

canoes and it's an excellent wood for

outdoor projects particularly decks

it's moderately expensive but its cousin

white cedar is less expensive this is a

wonderful wood from Australia called

Jarrah to preserve the rich color of

Jarrah you can use a UV inhibitor in

your finish which is an ultra violet and

hit or you'll see it named on the cam

when you buy the finish Jarrah is

moderately expensive and it's dense like

white oak so again you'll need sharp

blades and cutters

when you're sawing the wood the dust

from jar can be an irritant when

especially when you're sawing and

routing so make sure you wear your dust

mask and if you can work in a

well-ventilated area here we have some

teak which you'll find in commercial

outdoor benches teak is expensive but

it's available in wide boards and it

weathers to a nice silver gray color it

also takes fasteners very well because

of natural silica or sand deposits in

the wood itself it will dull tools

quickly so make sure you use carbide

bits and blades

another thing about Teague is its oily

nature it's best to wipe down joints

prior to gluing with lacquer thinner or

some acetone to remove these natural

oils last we have mahogany one of my

favorite outdoor woods it has a

wonderful color and grain that's well

worth preserving with a clear finish

such as varnish mahogany is a moderately

expensive wood but it's available in

wide widths and even though it's a

hardwood it's relatively easy to work by

hand it's a very stable hardwood and it

also stays exceptionally smooth outdoors

which is great for your furniture don't

be fooled by this piece of wood which is

sometimes called Philippine mahogany

it's actually luan which is not a good

grade of exterior wood and it doesn't

have the working properties genuine true

mahogany