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CoronaVirus: What Type of Mask Should You Get to Protect Against it? (N95? P100? Respirator?)

how's it going guys I'm Theo Joe and

with all this news talking about this

coronavirus potentially going around I

thought I would kind of divert from my

usual technology videos and talk about

different types of respirator masks that

I've been just doing my own research on

out of my own personal curiosity I'm not

an expert in any way but I have done a

bunch of different research on the

different ratings the different types of

masks and I can share my own personal

opinion about which ones you might want

to consider especially considering that

they are selling out very quickly so you

can learn with this video maybe

equivalents of the n95 mask but these

other ratings mean so if one sells out

you can say oh well I'll just go for

this other type that sort of thing also

I don't want to seem alarmist I'm not

trying to say oh you need to go buy a

mask for anything literally I just want

to make an informational video about the

masks themselves if you were curious

about the different types so first

here's a quick summary of the different

points I'll be talking about the major

topics so first of all we'll go over

what exactly a respirator is because

spoiler alert it does not need to look

like this big hunk and thing to be a

respirator but you should get a

respirator so we'll talk about exactly

what that means then we can go over the

different rating systems like n 95 P 100

what does that mean and also ones by

other countries so if one rating mask

sells out all over the place you can

potentially search for the equivalent

use by other countries and get the same

thing and then we can go over the

different styles of masks like what's

the difference between these my opinion

on which ones you should get if you like

have to choose one and then some other

random tips than might be useful as well

so it's to start off one of the first

and most important things I would say is

you want to be searching and looking for

respirators specifically I would be very

cautious about buying anything online

that's only labeled as being a breathing

mask or a dust mask anything that does

not have an actual respirator regulated

rating might not be any better than

literally holding a rag up in front of

your face so you're specifically looking

for something called a respirator and

like I mentioned when you sear the word

respirator you might be assuming it's

this big style mask with the

interchangeable filters that is one

style but it can also be a disposable

respirator that looks like this you can

see on here this has the

and ninety-five rating it is a

respirator this is the 3m 8000 style so

it can just be looking like a dust math

dust mask style but it is a respirator

nonetheless in regards to surgical masks

I would definitely avoid those if at all

possible

they might be better than nothing

obviously but from my understanding the

biggest problem with them is they

basically have no seal so they will just

suck in air from the sides they're

designed to protect other people from

you so a patient from being spit on by

the surgeon for example they're not

designed to filter incoming air at all

from my understanding that being said I

have seen at least one study showing

that if you can somehow get a perfect

seal with a surgical mask it is better

than nothing and can have decent

protection so if you absolutely have to

use a surgical mask you have no other

option I would suggest literally like

taping the edges you can use like

micropore medical tape and literally

tape the edges but again I probably

wouldn't even rely on that it's not

gonna be nearly as good as the actual

rated respirator also if you're looking

online be suspicious of certain listings

for example this one looks to me like

someone just literally took regular

surgical masks and listed them on Amazon

as n95 masks where I believe this is a

scam in my opinion I do not think these

are actual and 95 respirators I think

someone just is taking advantage of

people searching for n95 as just listing

regular surgical masks as that so I

think that's a scam be careful of these

and go probably with only reputable

companies like 3m or other companies you

can search for and see if they actually

are legitimately regulated masks alright

so now that you know you need to get a

respirator we can go over the different

rating systems and the equivalents in

different countries so we can start off

with the United States in this case the

ratings are determined by the ni o SH

the National Institute for Occupational

Safety and Health so with this system

it's going to be a letter and number

code so the letter is going to be either

n R or P and the number is either going

to be 95 99 or 100 the letter code

actually tells you how resistant the

filter is too oily interestingly enough

so n stands for not oil proof the R

stands for resistant

to oil and the P stands for oil proof

then the number will tell you what

percentage of airborne particles can be

filtered out by that filter in a

worst-case scenario testing so 95

filters that 95% of particles 99 filters

out 99% and then 100 filters out almost

100% at 99.97% and after we go over the

different country equivalents we can go

over which of these are recommended by

the CDC and which ones you might want to

consider so next up we go over the

European Union rating system this is AP

and FFP code rating system so you'll see

either p1 p2 and p3 ratings or FF p1 f f

p2 and f f p3 ratings and again these

have to do with what percentage of

airborne particles are filtered out and

from what I understand the only

difference between the P and F F P

rating systems just have to do with like

the shape of the mask but the equivalent

of the amount that each filters out are

the same so p1 + FF p1 both filter out

80% so I wouldn't go with that one the

p2 and FFP to filter on 94% and then the

p3 and FFP 3 both feel throughout 99.95%

and then the third rating system I've

come across is the one used in Korea

this is the KF rating system similar

numbers to the European Union so KF 80

is 80% filtered out KF 94 is 94% and

then k f 99 is 99% I'm not sure if it's

any more than 99% exactly the figures

I've seen literally just say 99% as for

which rating you would want to get the

CDC recommends for health care workers

even even people who are like

encountering sick people they recommend

at least n 95 or I think they just

recommend n 95 not even anything higher

than that so the equivalent would be a

p2 or FFP 2 in the EU system or KF 94 in

the Korea system obviously it would not

hurt to get a system better than that

and I'm not sure if they do recommend

higher than that if you can get it but

that's going to be your decision anyway

as for oil resistance in the u.s. system

like R and P type filters I don't think

those are necessary

I believe those are more for like if

you're using oil-based paint and

spraying them or you're spraying

pesticides that have oil base that sort

of thing I think that's what those are

really made for and I haven't seen any

CDC recommendations that suggest that

you need to have any oil resistance so

that's one of those things where I mean

if you want to get a filter that you can

use for any type of project then maybe

just want to go ahead and get a royal

resistance filter anyway but you

certainly don't need to get one based on

what I've come across one important

thing to remember those no matter what

rating filter you get it relies on a

excellent perfect seal around your face

so if you have any facial hair even this

much I would probably not trust I would

go clean-shaven if I actually was going

into area with sick people so if you

have a long beard whatever definitely

you're gonna have to shave it off or

else it's going to allow air in and

you're gonna completely negate any

filtration that you have in the mask

now as for different styles of

respirators I have two examples here we

can go over and then which one I like

the best so first we can go over this

disposable type this is the 3m 8000

model it is and 95 despite being looking

like the most basic type of one you can

imagine it basically is just a dust mask

but it is rated as a + 95 respirator and

it literally just goes over your mouth

like this and there's two of these

rubber bands and you get a seal this is

not correct by the way this I'll try to

get it correct I would spend more time

on this but basically there's a little

metal piece here that you kind of Bend

to try to get a good seal against your

nose but it's really not ideal I would

probably not trust this because you

can't really be super sure if there's

not any cracks on the sides or whatever

this is not easy to fit at all but again

it'd be better than nothing

if I was literally going into a area

with sick people and this is all I had I

probably would try to like tape down the

edges or something like that

now this other style respirator is

obviously way bigger I believe this

might be called a half mask style but

I'm not sure it's just the kind with the

interchangeable filters on it and this

particular one is the 3m 6000 series

respirator and with these there are a

ton of different types of filters you

can get on the 3m website you'll see

they have a whole list of the options

so there's party

that filters there's gas vapor filters I

would not get the gas vapor only ones I

don't believe those are rated for

protecting against any kind of particle

including viruses so you want to either

get a particulate filter or a gas and

particulate filter combo which is this

style this is actually one of the higher

rated ones this is P 100 so this

protects against pretty much everything

gas and particulate and this is another

size I have you can see what they look

like without the filters on it

they just attach on right here now as

for which style is better in my opinion

and if I had to go out with sick people

around everywhere I would definitely go

with this style for a couple of reasons

first of all it's a lot easier to check

the fit and seal because what you can do

is literally put it on your face and

then cover up the vent holes and just

see if you can breathe in at all and if

there's any air coming in the sides if

there's not then you know it's a good

seal and then you can do the same thing

even when the filters are on you can

cover up these sides filters and see if

you could breathe in at all even with

the filters on and then you know that

there is no leakage whereas with these I

mean it's really hard to test the seal

as well as you would but this one I mean

you can kind of feel maybe if you feel

any air coming in the sides but then

also with this metal piece this is

really the only way to customize how it

fits with the contour of your face I

don't know if I would trust it as much

but I mean obviously if you can get both

types that would be the best of both

worlds but if I had to rely on one I

would go with one of these a big

downside for these though first of all

is they're a lot more expensive so

you're probably going to pay at least

like $20 for the just the mask itself

and then the filters can cost anywhere

from like 7 to $10 for each filter or

like $20 for a pack if you get the

really high-end kind and based on what

I've seen even the most basic and 95

interchangeable filters are like seven

dollars per set at least but one thing

to consider of course is those might

last a lot longer these you're supposed

to throw them out on every use so with

these interchangeable ones you can reuse

them a little bit at least for several

hours again that's all gonna have to be

down to you another possible down

side is wearing for a long time these

are probably gonna be a little bit less

comfortable because these filters and

the whole mask is kind of heavy so this

means you have to strap it around your

head pretty tight so if you're wearing

this for several hours on top of making

it harder to breathe through a filter in

general this thing is going to be on

your face pretty snugly so just consider

all that another thing to consider when

you're looking for which rating a filter

is the higher the rating probably the

harder it is to breathe through so with

the p100 filter it is a little bit

laborious to breathe through so if you

are older or you're really out of shape

you might just want to stick with n95

because with this you know going out for

I don't know a few minutes with this on

probably is not gonna be that difficult

but if you get nervous you try to

breathe really hard or whatever and you

have this thing on which is really

restricting your breathing which it's

supposed to if it's working correctly

just the way if filter is it shouldn't

be easy to breathe through any type of

mask then that is something to consider

you might not want to just go with the

most powerful one and then it's hard to

breathe if you have to wear this for

like many hours as for the price of

these disposable ones usually they are

very cheap I bought a pack of these of

like 30 of them back in 2016 for less

than $20 and they do have a shelf life

of five years so I'm just kind of barely

within the shelf life but now I've seen

similar packs of n95 disposables that

are going for like forty dollars fifty

dollars plus from third-party sellers on

Amazon because all the regular ones at

normal prices are completely sold out so

really you might go online and unless

you want to spend like a hundred dollars

for a pack this big type might be

literally your only option or the most

economical option anyway and based on

what I've seen this style still is in

stock whereas the disposable kinds are

pretty much all sold out everywhere

unless you do want to pay a huge markup

whereas these are you pretty much

available still at normal prices and

interestingly you might think well

they're selling out cuz everyone's

panicking they all want to buy a mask in

case it comes to America or your country

or whatever apparently that's not the

case what I've seen is the reason a lot

of these are selling out is because a

lot of people are buying them to

basically resell to send to China and

sell at a huge markup or to send a

family but I've seen picture

there's one picture on reddit someone

posted in I believe Seattle someone

literally buying out the entire stock of

masks at Home Depot I guess to send to

China to be able to sell at a premium

and make a profit which i think is

absolutely disgusting but but you can't

really stop them I think some stores

have now implemented limits but if you

do see them selling out that could be

the reason and it might sell out sooner

than you think

now as for some other tips I should also

point out you need to protect your eyes

in some way because obviously you can

breathe in airborne particles of the

virus but you could also get some in

your eye if someone spits or whatever so

you should wear some type of I protect

glasses I've even seen people wearing

swimming goggles that's not a bad idea

at all so you protect your eyes from

getting anything in there another

important point is in addition to your

eyes and breathing in you don't want to

touch anything that's contaminated and

then touch your face while you're not

wearing a mask so once you go to take

this off definitely wash your hands

before you touch anything else including

your face or else you will get

contaminated that way and then this

can't help you so anyway I think I

covered everything I wanted to talk

about so let me know in the comments if

you found this video helpful if you want

to keep watching another related video I

made a while ago that you might find

interesting is talking about 13 cool

tools that you might have never heard of

before I'll just put that link right

here if you want to click on that and

check that out so thanks so much for

watching guys and I'll see you in the

next video