Bermuda, Zoysia, St Augustine and Centipede Warm Season Grasses

hey my name is Jason creo and you're

watching the like your life today I'm

going to show you a bunch of different

varieties of warm season grasses maybe

you need help identifying which kind of

grass you have and we can talk about

each type a little bit about it so maybe

you can understand which type of grass

will be best for a specific situation in

your lawn stay tuned far let's start

with Bermuda grass that's the most

dominant grass that's in my area you

know you saw it farms are growing hybrid

Bermuda but there's also common Bermuda

that appears you know any random cow

pasture you but you can see Bermuda here

this this Bermuda you know has some

grain to it could definitely be greener

there's color things about Bermuda to

point out one it's extremely drought

tolerant you know we had a couple years

ago we had an extreme drought where we

went without rain for two months and

most of the lawns that were Bermuda I

did not see any of them that didn't come

back the following year the drought was

sorted in the fall so but you know as

opposed to centipede and zoysia on some

of them really took a hit and some of

them lost a lot of turf that following

spring another thing that's good about

Bermuda Express very aggressively you

know it needs full Sun it's not a shade

tolerant grass I see some people and

they'll take some sod to have a bare

spot underneath the trees it's not

getting a lot of Sun they'll put Bermuda

sod there and I thought oh that's not

gonna work out too good so it needs full

Sun but will spread very fast a lot of

times people have a real thin Bermuda

yard or a bare spot and they'll say you

know should I you know oversee this or

resaw it and I'm thinking no let's just

put the fertilizer to it and it will

spread Bermuda you can put heavy

nitrogen to it I was reading in a

publication of the day that said 5

pounds of nitrogen per year was ideal

you know now I don't usually put that

much on mine but it would it would

definitely take off if you put 5 pounds

of nitrogen to it now they were

recommending not doing that all at one

time but splitting it up into multiple


nations and obviously you need water if

you're going to use that much fertilizer

Bermuda can you know you see it people

use it for putting greens and in their

lawn so I mean it can adapt to very low

mowing or letting it go I'm taller

obviously if you're going to keep it low

you got to keep the water to it and

you're going to mow it frequently you

can't let it grow out for two weeks and

then decide I want to keep it low you're

going to cut the green out of it and can

really stunt back the Bermuda so if you

want to keep it nice and tight you're

gonna have to mow it quite frequently

because I like I said it does grow very

fast when fertilized and hot weather and

plenty of water thing about Bermuda

grass it does not necessarily choke out

weeds very well of all the for warm

season grasses I'm dealing with in

Bermuda Georgia centipede in st.

Augustine I would rate it the worst as

far as if you didn't treat a Bermuda


it most likely is going to be covered in

crabgrass and bunch of other weeds as

well so where sometimes in the other

grass types you can the ones that are

not treated still can look presentable


one other thing about Bermuda grass it

it is a tolerates most herbicides pretty

well usually of centipedes and st.

augustine's are going to be more

sensitive to herbicides than Bermuda

grass alright this is now we've moved

over into a voyage alone this is a Z 52

variety of Zoysia this one was just

freshly mowed but you know has good

colors what I like about Zoysia is the

ability to really choke out the weeds it

just grows nice and thick thicker than

Bermuda lawns in general and when it

does that typically it makes it very

crowded for weeds to join in so it's all

well taken care of Georgia line really

looks great and if I had my choice here

in the South Georgia would be probably

what I would pick there's different

varieties as or the primary two that I

see mayor is e52

and emeralds Oranje this one being the Z

52 you see we'll look at the emeralds or

later but the Z 52 it's gonna have a

wider grass blade than the emerald Zoya

and Bermuda zeorge is a much slower

growing turf than Bermuda so and it's

not as drought tolerant so if you get if

it starts to turn brown lose the color

out you definitely want to put the water

in to it because if it suffers drought

damage or winter damage then it's going

to be a lot slower to recover than a

Bermuda lawn would another positive

about Georgia lawns is it will tolerate

sun or some shade much more shade

tolerant than Bermuda so what I've seen

a lot of times is somebody will have a

Bermuda lawn that's full Sun they'll

have a tree or part of the yard it's not

really getting enough Sun the Bermuda

will get real thin and they'll just put

some Zoysia in that area usually when

they do that it's emeralds Oranje it

emerald is more shade tolerant than z50

- and in my opinion the emerald kind of

blends in a little bit better than the

z50 - with Bermuda so usually you know

if you have had that situation you know


can tell the tuber and grass types but

it blends together where it's not quite

so noticeable zoycha lawns typically my

favorite and the yards typically my best

looking yards I take care of or the

Zorzi lawns like said they just do a

great job of choking the weeds out and

they take less nitrogen than Bermuda

lawn I think recommended around two

pounds of nitrogen per thousand square

feet for the calendar year where I like

I said a Bermuda you go five pounds or

you know some people probably even do

more than that what's funny about grass

types I don't know if I'll ever fully

understand it but certain grass types

get certain weeds in it that other

grasses don't like I was saying Bermuda

lawns and re-air gonna have tons of

crabgrass if we don't put a pre-emergent

out where Georgia lawns and centipede

sing are scenes you know you might still

use a pre-emergent but if you didn't

they're probably not going to be nearly

as much crab grass as in a Bermuda lawn

you know nutsedge seems to show up

mostly in Bermuda but you definitely see

it in Joyce's way I see a lot of Maya

virginia button weed in Zoysia lawns or

seen Bermuda is also alright a sibling

get up side by side of Bermuda versus

centipede you see here the Bermuda and

as you go over it you see it's a little

bit lighter colored it's centipede and

I've seen this for usually when you have

Bermuda and centipede side-by-side in my

experience usually the centipede starts

creeping over into the Bermuda unless

you put some sort of application on to

keep the centipede back and there's a

lot of products that centipede doesn't

necessarily like they can keep it from

encroaching over into the Bermuda you

know some people call centipede lazy

man's grass some people call centipede

lazy man's grass what I interpret by

that is if you do nothing to a centipede

line it still can actually look DC I

mean they just seem to not be as full of

weeds and they take a lesser amount of

fertilizer I think you know no more than

two pounds of nitrogen per thousand

square feet in a calendar year


is more shade tolerant than Bermuda but

not as shade-tolerant Georgia see in

this situation you got trees and

underneath the trees you know the

centipede gets real thin particularly in

this situation on the north side of the

trees so it's gonna get blocked for some

Sun and struggle a little bit centipede

spreads by these runners is what people

calling so stolen so they have these

above-ground runners and you'll see if

you have a bare spot sometimes you'll

see the centipede start creating these

stolens and then fill in those bare

spots and on that note you know if

you've got a thin centipede yard or a

lot of bear spots you might want to go

easy on the pre-emergent because it can

keep the those stolons from being able

to root into the ground it's a

pre-emergent can hinder that all right

show you a little bit of st. Augustine

we don't have a lot of that in my am a

little bit far north for it but we do

have some this isn't a best looking st.

Augustine but but that's a nice thing

also spreads by stolens those above

ground runners st. all seen more shade

tolerant than the centipede has these

wider blades on it real I like a real

thick st. Augustine lawn but has wider

leaf blade on it and then centipede

probably twice as wide as far as

chemical applications and fertilizer we

typically treat a centipede and st.

Augustine virtually the same at least in

my area as far as the type fertilizer

putting on I'm using an eighteen one

nine blend on the centipede in Saint

Augustine on Bermuda and zoysia I'm

using a 3806

again that was going to vary depending

on what you're trying to do the type of

soil you're dealing with but that's what

using here in my area st. Augustine's

typically considered the most sensitive

to herbicides of the warm season grass

is definitely more so than Georgia or

Bermuda and you know some things there's

some products you could use on a I'm

thinking on a

centipede or st. Augustine typically on

centipede yards they don't necessarily

like met so if you're on you can use it

for its label but it's not favorable

doesn't like it a whole lot and change

ups a common product but that centipede

seems to tolerate real well but you have

to go to a lower rate for Saint


neither of them like 240 very much and

lastly I'm going to show you the

emeralds I like I said it's more the

most shade tolerant option usually when

somebody has a shade issue I try to

encourage them to to get some emeralds

Oranje now again I tell people it won't

grow in a closet now it has to have some

sunlight but it's got a very fine blade

to it grows real thick when it's healthy

and I find you know it seems like what

I've found sometimes on a slope we're

Bermuda grass even if it has plenty of

Sun it can sometimes get get thin and

have some erosion problems where the

Georgia just grows so nice and thick it

seems to hold better on the slope you

can see right here actually side-by-side

this is and this is fairly new sod this

here's not doing very well at all but

you can see the Z 52 you know that blade

versus the versus the emerald blade let

me see if I can get him stop by side for

you all right here we go

anyway one on the left is Z 52 one on

the right emeralds are much finer blade

one other consideration is how much

grass costs you know if you go to buy

side typically in Meyer Bermuda is the

cheapest and you're gonna pay almost

double to get zords centipede somewhere

in between in st. Augustine as well so

Bermuda typically the cheapest or the

most expensive you know and it's not

that one is necessarily better another

yeah if I had an ideal situation I'd

like to have a saucier line but you know

in some situations Bermuda has its

definite advantages of being drought

tolerant being very Hardy very tolerant

of most herbicides so you know there's

advantages disadvantages of what you're

looking for and the type situation

that you're dealing with in your lawn

but it is helpful to be somewhat

educated especially if you're going to

put sod down or you've got you know

sometimes people just put the wrong

grass for the wrong situation so for

instance here it's not necessarily

recommended in my area just north of

Birmingham to use st. Augustine grass

though some people do have it it gets a

little bit cold in the winter for the

st. Augustine but the further south you

go the more you see you know if you get

a little bit further north and some of

the these warm season grasses are going

to struggle and you get in these

transition zones where they have both

warm season and cool season grasses hope

this is able to help you understand

maybe identify your grass type know a

little bit about it let me hear from you

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