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The Definitive Guide to ORDINAL NUMBERS in Spanish (Primero,...) 1️⃣

Hola amigos, ¿cómo están? ¡Bienvenidos!

Welcome to Spring Spanish.

Yo soy María Fernanda

and I am one of the Spanish teachers here at Spring Spanish.

¿Cómo iba la canción? So, how was that song again?

1, 2, 3, un pasito pa’lante María, 1, 2, 3, un pasito pa'tras.

So by now, you probably know how to count in Spanish,

if not, go and check out the video I made for you

about the cardinal numbers, known as uno, dos, tres, and so on.

But what about those numbers that are known as first, second and third?

Those are the ordinal numbers, and in this video,

I'm going to show how and when to use

los números ordinales, the ordinal numbers in Spanish.

¿Estás listo? Are you ready?

Los números ordinales, the ordinal numbers

are known as the adjective form for the cardinal numbers.

Whereas uno es primero, one is first,

dos es segundo, two is second

y tres es tercero, three is third.

Usually they come along with nouns,

and you must change the noun gender that you are referring to.

And the most important ones are the first to tenth,

in Spanish, los primeros diez números,

the first ten numbers are the most important to know.

So, I'm going to start with those.

Vamos a aprender nuevas palabras,

we are going to learn new words,

so take note y comencemos,

let's start.

Primero

Primero

El primer rey.

El primer rey.

La primera vez.

La primera vez.

Have you noticed that we have to remove the o

from primero and convert it to primer if it's masculine

and primera if it's feminine?

This happens as well with the third, tercero.

e will get there with the examples that I'm teaching you today.

Siguiente, next one.

Segundo.

Segundo.

El segundo hermano.

El segundo hermano.

La segunda hija.

La segunda hija.

Tercero.

Tercero.

El tercer amigo.

El tercer amigo.

La tercera oportunidad.

La tercera oportunidad.

Cuarto.

Cuarto.

El cuarto piso.

El cuarto piso.

La cuarta salida.

La cuarta salida.

Quinto.

Quinto.

El quinto libro.

El quinto libro.

La quinta estación.

La quinta estación.

Sexto.

Sexto.

El sexto gol.

El sexto gol.

La sexta jugada.

La sexta jugada.

Séptimo.

Séptimo.

El séptimo pecado.

El séptimo pecado.

La séptima ocasión.

La séptima ocasión.

Octavo.

Octavo.

El octavo pasajero.

El octavo pasajero.

La octava película.

La octava película.

Noveno.

Noveno.

El noveno día.

El noveno día.

La novena niña.

La novena niña.

Décimo.

Décimo.

El décimo grado.

El décimo grado.

La décima nota.

La décima nota.

Fun fact: if the ordinal numbers are used in

a statement where the nouns are already implied,

then you must use it in their original form that I have just taught you,

like primero, segundo, tercero, and so on.

So with the following examples,

there are chunks in Spanish that are going to be

really helpful for you to understand how these are used.

For example, toasting in a first year anniversary:

¡Salud! Por el primero de muchos.

Cheers! For the first of many to come.

La tercera es la vencida.

The third time is a charm.

Wait, for the next example, I really want to use one of my favorite props,

so here is Oreo.

You know, from my other videos.

Oreo es mi perro. Oreo is my dog

y de mis perros, el segundo es el más travieso.

From all my dogs, the second one is the most naughty.

Not this one, though.

Él es un buen perro, he's a good dog.

Second fun fact:

if you need to need to use the ordinal numbers in the plural way,

then the easiest thing to do is to add an s to the end

even if it's in feminine or in masculine,

so it will become it.

Let's take a look at these next examples:

Los primeros carros.

Los primeros carros.

Las segundas veces.

Las segundas veces.

I know I have been so insistent in learning the numbers from first to tenth,

the thing is that, in Spanish,

we only use these numbers.

We do have the other ones,

however, it will be most likely that you hear

the numbers in their cardinal way,

for example:

let's go out and celebrate the thirtieth anniversary,

that's how you use them in English.

In Spanish, it is more likely we say

vamos a celebrar el aniversario número treinta.

Or what about referring to the century?

The twentieth century.

In Spanish, we'll say es el siglo veinte.

For that matter, it is much better to use

and to learn the cardinal numbers as well.

Uno, dos, tres, diez,

veinte, treinta and so on.

However, we are in a lesson for ordinal numbers,

and if you really must use the numbers after thirteenth,

then, it is better for you to learn them from ten to ten.

Let's start with the first one:

Décimo.

Décimo.

Vigésimo.

Vigésimo.

Trigésimo.

Trigésimo.

Cuadragésimo.

Cuadragésimo.

Quincuagésimo.

Quincuagésimo.

Sexagésimo.

Sexagésimo.

Septuagésimo.

Septuagésimo.

Octogésimo.

Octogésimo.

Nonagésimo.

Nonagésimo.

And, in between, as I said,

just use the number in ten that I just taught you,

plus the number between one and nine.

For example:

Décimo tercero.

Décimo tercero.

Octogésimo noveno.

Octogésimo noveno.

Septuagésimo quinto.

Septuagésimo quinto.

For eleven and twelve,

as you can see, they are not the same,

we don't say décimo primero or décimo segundo.

It is likely that we, as Spanish speakers, will understand.

However, these are used for formal Spanish

and I will teach you those to complete the lesson for today.

Undécimo.

Undécimo.

Duodécimo.

Duodécimo.

Now you know the ordinal numbers

so now you can tell everyone

¿dónde fue tu primer viaje?

Where did you go on your first trip?

Por ejemplo, as an example, mi primer viaje fue a Orlando, Florida.

My first trip was to Orlando, Florida.

So go down in the comments and write

mi primer viaje fue a

and try to impress me with where you went first.

So we have a whole series of Spanish videos for beginners

from me and the other Spring Spanish teachers,

so feel free to go and check them out.

Probably you will learn something new today.

Now, if you're ready to take it a step further

and get really serious about learning Spanish

then go down and check out the description box,

because we have a link there for you

where you can have a look at the method

and a free training that we have for you to become a

Spanish fluent speaker.

o, there are some free lessons and free samples that you can download

directly from our website.

I will be glad to see you next time,

don't forget to subscribe

y nos vemos a la próxima,

and see you next time!

¡Adiós!

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