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10 Differences Between Shia and Sunni Muslims

The issues between Shia and Sunni Muslims go back to the 7th century

and the death of the Prophet Muhammad in the past decade there has been a ton of

spotlight on the differences between these two

branches of Islam

According to a 2009 study by the Pew Research Center the vast majority of the 1.8 billion

Muslims who are in the world are Sunni, but let's take a look at some of these differences between Shia and Sunni

Muslims how's it going? Everybody? Thank you for joining me on another episode of FTD facts

I'm Leroy Kenton and this is a question that a lot of people like myself who are not Muslim or just some different

religious backgrounds really don't

Understand so I'm gonna get into the intricacies and some interesting facts here on the differences between Shia and Sunni

Muslims so let's begin with the facts right now

first of all, let's talk about the split if you will now when the Prophet Muhammad died in the year

632 he didn't leave a successor to lead the Muslim community

So there was a lot of dispute as to who would lead them from then on

The title passed to Abu Bakr and then after him came Ali the Prophet son-in-law

But after Ali his sons Hassan and then Hussein claimed the title

Hussein's martyrdom became a central focal point to those who believed that Ali should have

Succeeded the Prophet and not Abu Bakr but Sunnis also believe that the first three caliphs

before Ali as

Rightly guided and as devoted to Allah Sunni rulers embarked on a massive

Conquest that extended the Caliphate to northern Africa and Europe now

I want to take a bit of a closer look in terms of how their beliefs actually defer

So she has considered Ali and the leaders who came after him as imams

Most believe in a line of 12 Imams the last of whom a boy is believed to have vanished in ninth century in Iraq

She has known as twelvers anticipate his return as ahmadi or the messiah

Sunnis emphasize God's power in the material world while Shias value martyrdom and

Sacrifice now despite these differences in opinions and practices Shia and Sunni

Muslims share the main beliefs of Islam and are considered by most to be brothers

That's why you don't hear anyone calling themselves. Shia muslim or sunni muslim. They're simply muslims

So just want to clear that up before I continue this episode. So now let's talk about a little bit of where they're located

Around the world now more than 85% of the world's 1.8 billion Muslims are Sunni

They live across the Arab world as well as in countries such as Turkey Pakistan India Bangladesh

Malaysia and Indonesia Iran in Iraq and Bahrain are largely Shia the Saudi royal family

practices a conservative brand of Sunni Islam known as

Wahhabism now in terms of their religious leadership

scioscia Muslims believe that the Imam is pure by Nature and that his authority is

Unquestionable because it comes directly from God

therefore Shia Muslims often

Venerate their Imams as Saints on the other hand Sunni Muslims say that there is no

basis in Islam for a hereditary privileged class of spiritual leaders and

No basis at all for the veneration of saints

Sunni Muslims argue that the leadership of the community is not a birthright

But it's actually a trust that you need to earn

so Sunni and Shia Muslims follow the Quran as well as the prophets hadith or

Sayings and the Sunna which are the customs. They also adhere to the five pillars of

Islam now in countries ruled by Sunnis the Shias tend to be among the poorest of the

population they would often see themselves as being victims of

Discrimination and some form of oppression but on the other hand

extremists often denounce Shia as

heretics, but I'm not gonna dive too much into that because it's a lot of

opinions and

Speculation of what's really considered oppression and all that stuff and I'm just gonna leave that for people that want to debate that

But I want to move on now into a huge distinction the Muharram as well as self-flagellation

So Muharram is the first month in the Islamic calendar, right?

And the tenth day of Muharram is a Day of Ashura now in the Day of Ashura

Some Shia Muslims marched in parades across the streets and flogged their own backs with whips or chains

This is to celebrate Hussein and his martyrdom while this practice is permitted by some Muslims the Shia community

Has completely banned this practice. Another distinct beliefs is their belief in angels

So she is believed that angels were created by God and they obey God's commands

they have limited free will but they also have no desire to commit sins and

the Sunnis on the other hand believe that God created angels from light and they believe that they do not have any

Freewill whatsoever and they always obey God's commands

She has believed in takea which is to be able to deny faith under grave dangers

So like if somebody's holding a gun to your head and they're saying denounce your faith

It's like okay yet denounce your faith and you're not breaking anything in Islam

Now this extends to the belief that the true meaning of faith is hidden until the coming of the 12th Imam

So the Sunnis don't really place as much importance to the inner meaning of the Quran

They accept that there is an inner meaning. Yes sure, but they stress more on the literal meanings rather than

subjective

interpretation and

Offered the hadiths, right? So the habits are collections of reports regarding vomits teachings and life

Though the cron takes precedence over the Hyatts. These texts are often used in Islamic law

especially to settle disputes

Shia Islam rejects Sunni Islam zku tube al citta or the five allegedly

Original hadiths it also rejects hadiths attributed to Muhammad's wife Aisha

likewise Sunni Muslims reject Shia Islam's four books

so that concludes this episode on the differences between

Shia and Sunni Muslims as well as some of the similarities that I touched on as well and again guys

like I said at the beginning at the end of it all even though there is

Differences of opinions and certain beliefs and of the day we're also brothers and sisters regardless of what we believe

and I just want to end there so guys if you enjoyed this video give it a big thumbs up and subscribe if this is

your first time here and be sure to leave your

Comments down below and let me know any future topics that you wanted to cover here on FTD facts

And guys you've reached the end of another video, but before you go I want to leave you with some video suggestions

Here's some more videos about the different religions that we've covered on this channel as well as if you want to know any more interesting

Facts about the different parts of the world or anything in general we have videos for that as well

So click on something right here and be sure to come back every Monday to Friday for new episodes

Thanks for watching and I'll see you real soon