The Connected Universe | Nassim Haramein | TEDxUCSD

imagine that reality may not be exactly

what you think it is maybe the world

around you all the atoms you see all the

material world and yourself maybe as

part of something bigger something

different something you don't

necessarily experience every moment of

your life

maybe the vacuum or the space around it

is not just empty but full of energy

full of information and actually the

material world the reality you call real

is actually part of this space today I'm

going to talk to you about this I'm

going to talk to you about how space is

actually not empty and that it's full of

energy and that the energy in space is

not trivial there's a lot of it and we

can actually calculate how much energy

there is in that space and that reality

might actually come out of it that

everything we see is actually emerging

from that space when I was younger it

was really difficult for me I was

extremely dyslexic and that's cool I

didn't fit in at all so I was feeling

very separate very isolated I had a

strange name a strange color of skin and

so on and it was really hard but when I

went in nature

I felt that connectivity when I went in

nature I felt that communion with nature

I felt like when I looked at nature that

there was some kind of pattern that

connected all the things together like

the branches of a tree the root of a

tree the flower is their petals and all

the different details that you can see

on a flower I felt like they must be

some fundamental pattern at the root of

creation that was present to produce all

of this organization and I was

determined I was going to find it and so

I wanted to feel this

unification with the world the

unification I felt with nature I felt

like we should be able to understand it

to express it but when I start to study

physics and mathematics and all this

stuff I realized that our physics are

not unified that we have physics for the

big stuff

cosmology for like stars and galaxies

and all this stuff that describes the

gravitational field in a certain way

very smoothly and on the other side we

have quantum theory that actually

describes a very small stuff the

molecules and the atoms and the

subatomic particles and that describes

it as very distinct little quantities of

energy very distinct discrete quantities

that is not smooth and the two don't

agree but we know that the big star is

made out of the small stuff so they must

be something that connects the two there

must be a way to understand the whole

thing with one fundamental theory and I

start to drill into the physics to try

to find it and so I look at galaxies and

of course they are made out of stars and

and molecules are made out of atoms and

so I kept on drilling and sure you know

stars and black holes exist in galaxies

stellar black holes and so on and

supergalactik black hole and at the

quantum level there's the nuclei of the

atom and subatomic particle and when we

drill really down to it we find that all

this is bathing at the quantum level

into a field that we call the quantum

vacuum fluctuation that is an

electromagnetic field

that's fluctuating extremely intense ly

at the very very fine-grain and when I

look at black holes I realize that when

we solve the equations for black holes

they actually are going towards infinity

within the center part that's called a

singularity and the two

looked really similar that is the vacuum

energy density at the quantum level goes

towards infinity and so is the middle of

a black hole and I thought oh maybe

that's the connected bling maybe that's

how they connect the plunk density the

Planck length the Planck length is the

smallest oscillation of the

electromagnetic field and it's present

in both so I thought maybe that's the

connecting name how small is that Planck

length how small is this electromagnetic

fluctuation well let me say that you're

made out of a hundred trillion cell ok

fifty two hundred trillion cell so that

gives you an idea of scales right away

right so that's the amount of cells in

your body and each one of these cell is

made about 100 trillion atoms

okay so already it's pretty tiny at the

atomic level right and then if I took

one of these at home and I made it the

Dome of the raw I'm sorry the Dome of

the Vatican

well the nuclear of that atom the proton

in the middle would be the size of the

head of a pin okay so that's really

teeny if I grew the planck little

oscillators so that was the size of a

grain of sand then the proton would be

the size from our Sun to Alpha Centauri

which is about 40 trillion kilometer

okay so that's how small the plunk is so

of course you're not experiencing it

when you're moving around when you're

you know even in X you know in

laboratory and so on we're not detecting

it directly right in fact when we talk

about the plunk energy of the plunk we

talk about it in terms of vacuum density

vacuum fluctuation we call it space so

the space that we call space is actually

full of this energy and when we actually

talk about the stuff in the space the

material world the atoms we find that

those things are 90

nine point nine nine nine nine nine nine

nine percent space themselves so your

reality all the chairs you're walking

sitting on and you know your body even

is made of mostly space and just a

little bit of electromagnetic

fluctuations that we call the material

world in it so maybe it's not the

material world that defines the space

but the space that defines the material

world think about that imagine if you

think of how much of these teeny little

plunk fit in a centimeter cube of space

you're going to get the Planck density

so if you calculate that you find that

you can put a lot of little planks in

there so the result is 10 to the 93

grams per centimeter cube that's a huge

number 10 with 93 zeroes it's big to

give you an idea if I took all the stars

in the universe and I stuck them into a

centimeter cube of space the density of

that cube would be 10 to the 55 gram I

would be 39 orders of magnitude still

shy of the vacuum density at the quantum

level how incredible is that right and

that's the stuff we call space right

that we think of it as empty so if

that's true I mean it's significant and

certainly many of the greatest

scientists in history thought it was

wheeler a collaborator to Einstein for

instance said no point is more central

than this that empty space is not empty

it's the seat of some of the most

violent physics of course you got all

that incredible density of energy

Einstein said physical objects are not

in space but these objects are spatially

extended an object being the result of

space in this way the concept of empty

space loses its meaning so some of the

greatest thinkers thought that this

discovery of this energy in the vacuum


really significant but in general it was

ignored for almost a hundred and some

years because the number is so massive

guy was intimidating to this to the

physics community well is this just a

bunch of physicists losing their mind

and difficult like getting lost in the

equations and all this actually not can

we measure this stuff we can the Casimir

effect has been demonstrated now we can

show that the vacuum density in

laboratory is really there that the that

plates can be pushed together by using

the vacuum and in fact we are now able

with the dynamical Casimir effect to

extract photons directly out of the

vacuum we are able to extract energy

directly out of what we thought of as

empty so it's really really there so I

start to use this and this took me like

25 years or 30 years so it took a little

while but I started and and I can't

believe how simple the solution is but I

start to realize what if I could just um

take this plunk energy and describe

cosmological objects with it so I took a

black hole cygnus x-1 is a well known

black hole and I tiled the whole surface

with plunks this is called a holographic

principle in physics and accepted

concept in current physics but the

difference is that I thought what about

the volume what about how much

information because you can think of the

little plunks as little bits of

information how much information is

inside that volume and I counted how

many plunks are inside that volume

there's a lot of them 10 to the 18 118

it's a big number all right and then I

made a ratio surface to volume ratio

between the two to express the energy of

the system and the result was the exact

mass of the black hole the exact

gravitation of that black hole it was

the exact same solution that I could get

from Einstein fill equation describing

gravity but I was doing it with little

plunk fluctuation of the quantum world

all of a sudden had quantum gravity I

had the quantum world expressing

gravitation at the cosmological level

and the equation was beautiful and

elegant was very simple and so I thought

oh well can I apply that to the atomic

structure can I apply that to the

nuclear of an atom so I took a proton

and I started to count how many of these

little plants are inside the volume of

that proton and I found that it was the

exact mass of the universe that is

there's enough information terms of

plunk inside a teeny proton for all the

other protons to be expressed in one of

them a truly holographic world in which

the proton is entangled with all the

other protons the whole thing is talking

and we know in laboratories that

particles can be entangled that you can

move this particle over here and it

changes a particle on the other side of

the universe so it wasn't that

outrageous to think and so I was like

blown away think about this think about

all the protons that makes up your body

you know some of the Masters said that

look within and you will have all the

information maybe they meant it right

and so in any case I took this solution

and I did the same thing I did a surface

to volume ratio of the little proton and

sure enough the solution the result was

exactly the mass the proton are very

very very close to the master proton

that we measure in laboratory I was with

in point zero zero one two but I thought

why isn't it

not exactly I mean it was - ah it was

already remarkable like I was using

numbers like the mass of the universe

that was outputting a number for a teeny

proton at 10 to the minus 24 grams but I

was doing exact where for black holes it

was exact and then I realized that the

rate the radius of a proton is not so

well measured the masses

measured but not the radius and so I

flip the equations around and I was able

to make a prediction of the radius of

the proton and so I published this in a

paper in 2012 and a few months later in

2013 an experiment an accelerator in

Switzerland was able to measure the

radius of the proton more precisely than

ever before and the result was now

within point zero zero zero three six of

my predicted value

I was so close in fact my predicted

value is inside the margin of error of

the experiment of a one standard

deviation from the experiment so

actually my theoretical value might be

exact and the experiment is actually

getting close to it but this but the

standard model is off by 4%

and although the 4% might not sound like

much it creates a lot of problem in

quantum theory and so that's why you've

seen like maybe the the magazine covers

you know talking about the proton teeny

particle big problem the humble proton

is nothing like we expected no kidding

if I'm correct it's like completely

different right and you know the problem

with the proton could scientists been

seeing signs of a whole new realm of

physics maybe and these physics may have

to do with this vacuum energy that

produces our reality I mean it's really

remarkable and so you know this leads to

really incredible technological

developments it's not just a whole bunch

of theory if we understand that gravity

is actually emerging from that field at

the foundation of quantum theory we can

start using electromagnetic field to

like interact with that energy for

instance this technology that just came

out a few years ago actually it's been

there for 10 years but finally NASA


did an analysis a few a few months ago


it and show that the this drive is

actually not exposing anything it's just

balancing electromagnetic fields in a

conic can and it's producing trust it's

pushing literally against the vacuum

structure we have experiments in

Finland's where the we're able to get

gravitational pulse to occur

gravitational beam to occur so that we

can beam a gravitational wave across a

kilometer point to of distance and

calculate how fast it propagates and it

propagates a sixty-four times the speed

of light okay this is the kind of stuff

that's emerging the physics of our world

is changing and we are starting to be

able to understand gravity has a whole

new level

imagine how much change has happened in

our society over the years as a result

of us mastering the electromagnetic

field right we got electricity and we've

ran our whole civilization out of that

now imagine that all of a sudden we

understand gravity at its most

fundamental level and master the use of

it the control of it all of a sudden our

civilization changes fundamentally it

changes at the very very profound level

we'll be able to go to space or

cessation we'll be able to get off the

surface of our planet we'll be able to

be space bound I have colonies have

access to almost an infinite amount of

resources everything is going to change

dramatically if we understand gravity at

that level and we start to understand

how to control it so that we can

transcend the limitation of our

civilization today and actually resolve

some of the largest ecological problems

that we face imagine if we could extract

just a few billions of a percent of the

energy that's there we could run our

civilization for thousands and thousands

of years so thank you very much for your