Great Sandy Desert

the great sandy desert an interim

Australian bioregion is located in the

northwest of Western Australia

straddling the Pilbara and southern

kimbley regions it is the second largest

desert in Australia after the great

Victoria Desert and encompasses an area

of 284 thousand nine hundred and

ninety-three square kilometres the

Gibson desert lies to the south and the

Tanner my desert lies to the east of the

great sandy desert features the great

sandy desert contains large eggs often

consisting of longitudinal dunes in the

northeast of the desert there is a well

known meteorite impact crater i.e

the wolf creek population the region is

sparsely populated the main populations

consist of indigenous Australian

communities and mining centers the

Aboriginal people of the desert fall

into two main groups the martu in the

West and the pinch ooop in the east

linguistic they are speakers of multiple

western desert languages many of these

indigenous people were forcibly removed

from the lands during the 20th century

and relocated to settlements such as the

pannier in the Northern Territory in

recent years some of the original

inhabitants have returned young

Indigenous adults from the great sandy

desert region travel to and work in the

Willow rarrrr creative programs to

maintain and develop their culture

climate rainfall is low throughout the

coast and far north and is strongly

seasonal areas near the Kimberley have

an average rainfall that exceeds 300

millimetres but is patchy many dragged

years end with the monsoon cloud mass a

tropical cyclone like many of

Australia's deserts rainfall is high by

deserts standards with the driest parts

recording Falls little below 250

millimetres a massive evaporation rate

makes up for the higher than normal

desert rainfall this region is one which

gives rise to the heat lows

helped drive the NW monsoon almost all

rain comes from monsoon thunderstorms or

the occasional tropical cyclone rain

depression on average for most of the

area there are about twenty to thirty

days where thunderstorms form however in

the North bordering the kimbley 30 to 40

per year is the average summer daytime

temperatures that move the hottest in

Australia the range on the northern

border near the Kimberley at hall's

Creek has around 37 to 38 degrees

Celsius but this would be indicative of

the low end of the range regions further

south average 38 to 42 degrees Celsius

except when monsoonal cloud cover is

active several people have died in this

region after the vehicles have broken

down on remote tracks winters are short

and warm temperatures range from 25 to

30 degrees Celsius frost does not occur

in most of the area the regions

bordering the Gibson desert in the far

southeast may record the light frost to

two every year away from the coast

winter nights can still be chilly in

comparison to the warm days economy

indigenous art is a huge industry in

Central Australia mine's most

importantly the telfa gold mine and

nifty copper mine and cattle stations

are found in the far west telfa is one

of the largest gold mines in australia

the undeveloped kintyre uranium deposit

lies south of Tel fir fauna and flora

the vegetation of the great sandy desert

is dominated by spinifex animals

occurring in the region include feral

camels dingoes Joanna's and numerous

species of lizard and birds other animal

inhabitants include bilbies Megara

marsupial merle Rufus hare wallaby

thorny Devils

bearded dragons and the red kangaroo

some of the bird life found within the

desert include the rare Alexander

parrot the malgor parrot and the scarlet

chested parrot European history the

first European to cross the desert was

Peter Warburton he made the journey from

Alice Springs leaving in April 1873 and

arriving at the gray station in January

1874 while Burton arrived in a starved

condition and blind in one eye he

attributed his survival to his

aboriginal companion Charlie the

historic canning stock route traverses

the southeastern portions of the great

sandy desert indigenous people were

forcibly removed from the area due to

Blue Streak missile tests in the 1950s

in fiction the great sandy desert is

featured in H P Lovecraft's novella the

shadow art of time is the location of

the ruins of an alien civilization